B. Sc Horticulture Vs. B. Sc Agriculture, Which Course is Better After 10+2?
The advent of technology, the Government’s progressive policy, and the improved farming infrastructure is reinvigorating the agriculture sector. Thereby new career opportunities are emerging in agriculture. Today to make a successful career in agriculture, there are various popular professional courses, which acquaints students with various facets of agriculture and its related specializations. B.sc Agriculture and B.sc Horticulture are two popular courses in the field of agriculture, and students who want to make a career in agriculture often remain in dilemmas between these two courses. Through this post, we will discuss about major differences between B.sc Horticulture and B.sc Agriculture course on the basic tenants of the core focus area, generic syllabus, and career opportunities.
What is B.sc Horticulture?
- B.sc Horticulture is an undergraduate programme of three years, focused on the study of cultivating vegetables, fruits, flowers, tea, etc. During three years, students are taught theoretical and technical aspects of horticulture, cultivation, plant protection, postharvest management, processing, storage, and marketing of fruits, vegetables, ornamentals, medicinal & aromatic plants, spices, and crops plantation.
- A Horticulturist works to improve crop yield, quality, nutritional value, and resistance to insects, diseases, and environmental stresses.
- Upon completion of B.sc Horticulture, students can go for M.sc Horticulture.
- B.sc Horticulture is a prestigious degree, which is accepted and recognized in all Indian Universities and government organizations.
- Although, there are also good career prospects of B.sc Horticulture its scope is limited to cultivating vegetables, fruits, flowers, tea, and other plants that grow in small space and things needed for them to thrive.
What is B.sc Agriculture?
- B.sc Agriculture is an undergraduate programme of four years focused on farming, food production, techniques involved in farming/ cultivation/ irrigation. During four years, students go through rigorous theoretical and practical education and learn fundamentals of cultivation of a various range of crops, innovative methodologies to enhance soil fertility and enhance food production.
- An agriculture graduate works on technical aspects of food/crop production, livestock maintenance, essentials of water resource management, soil science, poultry management, etc.
- This course unlocks the door of great scope in the matter of higher studies. After completing B.sc in Agriculture, students can pursue M.sc in Genetics, Plant Pathology, Horticulture, Plant Entomology, Agricultural Economics, and Soil Science, etc.
- B.sc Agriculture is a prestigious degree, which is accepted and recognized in all national and international Universities. And in the matter of employment opportunities, agriculture is considered as one of the recession-free employment areas and one of the most diversified fields than ever before, offering decent employment and self-employment opportunities.
B. Sc Agriculture Vs. B. Sc Horticulture: Difference in Core Area and Curriculum
Major curriculum of B.sc Agriculture:
Plant Biochemistry, Principles of Agricultural Economics, Farm Power and Machinery, Energy Sources and their Application in Agriculture, General Entomology, Agricultural Microbiology, Soil Microbiology, Fundamentals of Statistics, Irrigation Water Management, etc.
Major curriculum of B. Sc Horticulture:
Crop Physiology, Livestock, and poultry production technology, Principles of plant biotechnology, Principles of agricultural sciences, Agricultural and industrial microbiology, Agribusiness management, etc.
The Core Difference Between B. Sc Agriculture and B. Sc Horticulture:
B.sc Horticulture programme emphasizes the study of plant health, pest control, and nutrient content. This three-year degree programme primarily focused on laboratory testing of plants, the evaluation of soil properties, and real-world fieldwork projects, in which students learn to develop natural methods to repel insects and parasites that destroy cultivated plants.
B.sc Agriculture is focused on the effective implementation of modern agricultural techniques and discover innovative ideas to boost food production and soil fertility. This is a multidisciplinary programme in which students develop a concrete fundamental concept of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Marketing, Horticulture, Soil Science, etc. Unlike B.sc Horticulture, the dimension of B.sc Agriculture is huge and unlocks lucrative avenues of employment opportunities and higher education. B.sc Agriculture graduates play a significant role in discovering new techniques of cultivation and organic farming.
B.sc Horticulture vs. B.sc Agriculture: Scope, employment opportunities, and career options:
Employment Opportunities after B.sc agriculture:
There is no dearth of employment opportunities after completing B.sc Agriculture. Today, the advent of technology is transforming this sector and creating new employment opportunities for agriculture graduates. There is a great demand of professionals in sectors like food processing, dairy industry, poultry industry, fertilizer Production Company, FMCG, and institutions.
Higher education opportunities after B.sc Agriculture:
Master’s in Genetics, Master’s in Plant Pathology, Master’s in Horticulture, Master’s in Plant Entomology, Master’s in Agricultural Economics, MBA in Agribusiness, Master of Food Science, etc.
Employment opportunities after B.sc Horticulture:
Horticulture is part of agriculture, therefore after completing graduation in Horticulture one can make a career as a Horticulture officer, Section officer, Landscaping officer, Food Safety Officer, Agriculture Field Officer, Horticulture Manager, Farm Manager, Nursery operator, etc.
Higher education opportunities after B.sc Horticulture:
After completing B.sc Horticulture one can go for M.sc Horticulture.
B. Sc Agriculture Vs. B. Sc Horticulture, Which Course is Better?
In the matter of employment opportunities and higher education, B.sc Agriculture is better than B.sc Horticulture.
Why Choose Mangalayatan University for B.sc Agriculture?
- State-of-the-art infrastructure, upgraded labs, and hi-tech classrooms make Mangalayatan University the best institute for B.sc Agriculture admission.
- Top-notch teaching faculty and guest lecturers from top Indian Universities.
- Excellent practical training and internship opportunities in top organizations.
- Organization of National/ international seminars/ conferences/ workshops.