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BSc Agriculture: Subjects, Scope, Career, Jobs Opportunities, Eligibility, Admission, Salary and More

India's agriculture sector is the country's largest employer. According to the Situation Assessment Survey 2021, animal farming accounts for around 16% of an agricultural household's revenue. Therefore, we can see witness that, Agriculture in India has made great strides.
With time, rising urban and rural incomes also boosted appealing opportunities in the Indian agriculture sector. Supporting laws and reforms, as well as the acceptance of digital technology and considerable investments in the sector, have all been spectacular over the previous decade or two.
Since the 1950s, the Indian agriculture business has seen tremendous transformations as a result of many policies and reforms. Ideally in the last five years, when the change has occurred at an unprecedented rate and witnessed disruptive innovations giving rise to lucrative employment prospects.

In this blog, we'll look at some of the most desired agriculture degrees, eligibility criteria, curriculum, scope and top job opportunities.

What is BSc Agriculture Degree?


BSc Agriculture is a four-year undergraduate program that focuses on agricultural scientific research and activities, including Genomics and Plant Biotechnology, Agricultural Microbiology, Environmental Sciences, Agronomy, and so on.
This course covers agricultural science as well as the effective application of contemporary agricultural technologies and equipment in real-world situations. Agriculture is the backbone of our Nation's economy and primarily focuses on recruiting well-versed agriculture professionals. Hence, graduates of the BSc Agriculture course will always have potential jobs in India.
The career scope for a BSc Agriculture graduate is vast.

Agricultural officials, agriculture scientific researchers, and agricultural strategists are just a handful of the high-profile jobs accessible to BSc Agriculture graduates.

BSc Agriculture Couse Objectives

BSc Agriculture is a bachelor's degree programme in agriculture and its applications. It is a professional degree in agricultural science recognised by the Indian government.

  • This course is designed to prepare students to apply modern agricultural tools and procedures in a practical setting.
  • Soil science, water resources and management, agricultural and livestock management, geomatics, and a few aspects of genomics are covered in depth.
  • The course curriculum's basic methodology is to educate students on how to construct modern and effective agricultural methods to increase overall productivity.
  • Students can study all of these fundamentals and put them into practice while working in the field.
  • Provide job opportunities in many agricultural departments, ranging from technical issues to business possibilities, production, and sales.

BSc Agriculture: Course Highlights

The BSc Agriculture degree course is designed to deliver a knowledge base that meets the needs of agriculture, allowing the graduates to enter the job market with more specific and relevant skills. The courses allow for a thorough understanding of the latest developments in the field, and the industry-specific skills to apply. Here are the highlights of the BSc Agriculture degree-

Full Form Bachelor of Science in Agriculture
Course Level Bachelor
Course Duration 4 Years
Eligibility 50% Marks in PCM/PCB/ Agriculture in 10+2 or Equivalent?
Course Fee INR 50,00 to INR 1,00,000 PA?
Examination Type Semester
Admission Process Entrance Exam or Merit Based
Average Salary After Degree INR 6 LPA?
Recruiting Companies After Degree JK Agri Genetics Ltd, HPC Biosciences Ltd, Godrej Agrovet Limited, Kaveri Seed Company Ltd, DuPont India, Cargill, Bayer, Syngenta, Food Corporation of India, NABARD, etc.?

BSc Agriculture Course Duration

BSc Agriculture is a four-year program that deals with various topics related to multiple farming methods and their benefits and issues related to specific agricultural practices to increase productivity while reducing soil erosion and pollution. Graduates with a BSc Agriculture can operate in various agricultural departments, from technical matters to enterprise prospects and production to sales.  

BSC Agriculture Course Eligibility Criteria

Students wanting to pursue a BSc in Agriculture must comply with the following requirements:

  • Students must have scored 50% Marks in PCM/PCB/ Agriculture in 10+2 or Equivalent
  • Students who have finished their intermediate in the field of agriculture are also eligible to enrol in the course.
  • Some universities hold their own entrance exams or common entrance exams to determine whether or not students are qualified for the course.

  BSc Agriculture Admission ProcessThe admissions process varies depending on the institute. Some universities offer direct BSc Agriculture admission based on merit and a personal interview, while others need prospective candidates to take national, state-level, or university-level entrance exams.  

  • Direct Admission: To be considered for admission, students must complete the college application form, whether online or offline, before the application deadline. 
  • Entrance Exam-Based Admission: Admission is granted based on the results of these exams, followed by various rounds of counselling sessions, which often include GD and PI.

  BSc Agriculture Course Fees 

Depending on the institute's facilities and services, BSc Agriculture fees range from INR 50,000 to INR 1,00,000 LPA.   Some universities and institutes have their own fee structure, which can alter from year to year. A few colleges also provide part-time courses that may include internships and fieldwork.  

BSc Agriculture: Subject & Syllabus 

The BSc Agriculture course is structured into eight semesters to allow students to complete it promptly. Students will master the fundamentals of plants, agricultural economics, and human science during the first year of the course. They will interact with disciplines such as basic agricultural engineering, entomology, and microbiology in the initial three years. They will also improve their interpersonal and entrepreneurship development skills. In their last year, they will gain practical field experience in agronomy and agricultural statistics. Below are the semester-by-semester disciplines that BSc Agriculture students are typically taught in college:  

Semester 1 Semester 2
Basic Science and Humanities Agricultural Economics

· Rural sociology and constitution of India

· Comprehension and communication

   skills in English ·  Plant biochemistry

· Introduction to computer applications

· Educational psychology

· Agricultural finance and cooperation

· Principles of agricultural economics

·  Trade and prices

·  Agricultural marketing

·  Fundamentals of agribusiness management

Semester 3 Semester 4
Agricultural Engineering  Agricultural Entomology?

· Farm power and machinery

· Energy sources and their application in agriculture

· Protected cultivation structures and agro-processing

· Principles of soil and water engineering

· General Entomology

· Crop pests and their management

· Economic Entomology

· Sericulture

Semester 5 Semester 6
Agricultural Extension Education  Agricultural Microbiology

· Extension methodologies for transfer of agricultural technologies

· Dimensions of agricultural extension

· Entrepreneurship development and communication skills

· Soil microbiology

· Agriculture microbiology

Semester 7 Semester 8
Agricultural Statistics  Agronomy

· Fundamentals of statistics

· Introductory agriculture, principles of agronomy and agricultural meteorology

· Practical crop production I

· Practical crop production II

· Field crops I (Kharif)

· Field crops II (Rabi)

· Irrigation water management

· Weed management

· PRain fed agriculture and watershed management

· Farming systems, organic farming and sustainable agriculture

· Experimental techniques in agricultural research I

· Natural resource management

· Horticulture

· Crop production

· Agribusiness management

· Social sciences

· Integrated livestock farming

· Bio inputs

· Commercial agriculture

· Genetics and biotechnology

BSc Agriculture: Specialization 

During their bachelor’s degree program, students can study these disciplines as a specialisation-

  • Agronomy
  • Horticulture
  • Plant Pathology
  • Entomology
  • Soil Science
  • Food Technology
  • Agricultural Economics
  • Home Science
  • Fishery
  • Forestry
  • Veterinary Science and else.

  Salary After BSc Agriculture Course in India

A BSc Agriculture graduate's average starting salary is approximately INR 6 LPA. This is merely a starting income, as there is a lot of room for advancement in this sector in terms of the pay scale. Salary is determined by a variety of circumstances, including college graduation, geographic region, academic success, and so on. *Source- Glassdoor    

BSc Agriculture Future Scope in India 

In India, the agriculture industry is large, and graduates with a degree in agriculture sciences have a myriad of possibilities. Agriculture research organizations may be found in every state in India, and they work to produce cutting-edge crop development and agricultural equipment. Experts in agriculture research and promote new organic farming methods so that our farmers can produce chemical-free crops. Professionals who have finished a BSc in agriculture can work in this field and find the finest prospects to work on modern agricultural technologies. By advancing their professions in a relevant field, they will be able to advance instantaneously.  

Graduates with a bachelor's degree in agriculture can work in the agriculture industry in both India and other nations. There is a multitude of work prospects for these graduates in the agriculture area. Food processing, dairy, poultry, fertilizers manufacturing, FMCG, and educational institutions provide the best employment options for such professionals. Professionals with a BSc Agriculture can qualify for these roles and obtain valuable work experience in the agriculture industry.   Graduate students can choose from a wide range of professional options. They can get a stable career with a competitive salary in this industry. Additionally, there are self-employment opportunities for graduates with a BSc Agriculture degree. They can start their own consulting firm and advise farmers on how to improve their farming operations and crop yields.

Graduates can use modern agricultural practices on their own farms to produce a large amount of produce. They can even start their own dairy farm and other kinds of animal husbandry operations. In a nutshell, agriculture is a big, never-ending industry that contributes significantly to our economy.   Also, BSc Agriculture students have a lot of options for further education. Following undergraduate studies, students can pursue a variety of MSc in Agriculture course or MBA degrees in agriculture.   Many agricultural organizations, Extension agencies, Research organisations, commercial farming, and other organisations are conducting research and teaching projects relating to agriculture today.  

After BSc Agriculture, the Government of India's Gazetted post of Agricultural Officer (Agronomist) is one of the most coveted jobs in the public sector. Following graduation, an applicant can undertake a PhD or sit for the ARS (Agricultural Research Service) exam.  

Read more: Career Opportunity Or Scope After An Agriculture Course In India  

Career or Jobs Opportunities after BSc Agriculture Degree

Demand for qualified professionals in agriculture has risen in recent years. Agriculture has undergone a modernised revolution as a result of technological breakthroughs, and such specialised and knowledgeable personnel have emerged. They might work in research and development as well as administration to guarantee that crop growth is improved while input expenses are kept to a minimum.  

Graduates can work in both the government and private after completing the degree. Agriculture is becoming increasingly important, which means more job prospects in the field.   Here are the top 7 most demanded career opportunities:  

Assistant Plantation Manager

Harvesting and other operations associated with the cultivation of crops or vegetables are managed efficiently and profitably by the Assistant Plantation Manager.  

Agriculture Officer

Agriculture officers work with farmers and agriculture-related businesses. An agriculture officer's primary responsibility is to assist them in increasing agricultural productivity.  

Agricultural Research Scientist

Agricultural Research Scientists start by conducting research. They are concerned primarily with the biological mechanisms of diverse items and their relationships with products and processes, and they include both laboratory and fieldwork.  

Agriculture Technician

Agricultural technicians operate in the fields of food, fibre, animal experimentation, production, and processing, devising new ways to increase crop productivity and alleviate suffering from a disease.  

Seed Technologist

Seed technologists assist seed growers by providing them with seed machinery operations, seed planting, and seed scouting.  

Plant Breeder

Plant breeders in India explore and develop new tactics, tools, and technology to boost crop yields.  

Agriculture Development Officer

An Agriculture Development Officer works in the same way as an agriculture officer to enhance soil productivity and other intensive agriculture techniques.  

How to Choose Top BSc Agriculture College?

Agriculture is one of India's fastest-growing industries. Because of its favourable growth, it is drawing a large number of students. Before picking a BSc Agriculture College, students should bear the following characteristics in mind:  

  • Accreditation
  • Academic Excellence
  • Program Curriculum
  • Research Methodology and Techniques
  • Exposures (both national and international)
  • A conducive and diversified campus environment to live in.
  • Placements

  Top Companies Hiring BSc Agriculture Graduates 

The agriculture sector has become one of the leading job providers in the country. Graduates of the BSc Agriculture course play a key role in developing and growing the agricultural sector. Therefore, if you are a graduate of the BSc Agriculture course and want to grab a great job opportunity in the agriculture sector, you can apply with these top companies-

  • JK Agri Genetics Ltd
  • HPC Biosciences Ltd
  • Godrej Agrovet Limited
  • Kaveri Seed Company Ltd
  • DuPont India
  • Cargill
  • John Deere
  • Bayer
  • Syngenta
  • Nutrien
  • Food Corporation of India
  • Indian Forest Services
  • Indian Council of Agricultural Research
  • National Dairy Development Board

  Benefits of Pursuing BSc Agriculture Course 

A BSc Agriculture provides students with the knowledge and abilities they need to manage agri-business, conduct research, work in the agricultural field, perform field surveys, and manage many aspects of farming techniques.   With the increasing pressure of job-related competition, the need to improve one’s skills and knowledge is quite significant. Some of the benefits include high salaries in the world of agriculture, career prospects and employment opportunities after completion.

The BSc agriculture course is a wide-ranging subject, making it very rewarding and interesting. It encompasses almost every aspect of agriculture including farming and forestry, science, technology and many more.   Hence, if you need to sharpen your mind to have a successful career in the field of agriculture and farming, then a BSc degree in Agriculture is a good option to pursue.  

Read more: From Great Employment To Higher Studies B.Sc. Agriculture Ensures Bright Future  

Required Skills for BSc Agriculture Course

Agriculture is a profession that demands a person with a great deal of patience, the ability to pay attention to little details, and outstanding observational skills. Only those with a genuine enthusiasm for agriculture should pursue this field. Some of the competencies required for a BSc Agriculture course are listed below:

  • Initiative for Forward Planning
  • Time Management & Organization Skills
  • Versatility
  • Adaptability
  • Communication abilities
  • Analytical abilities
  • IT skills and commercial awareness
  • Ability to market and sell

  BSc Agriculture: Related FAQs

Q1 - What is the best option after BSc Agriculture?

Agriculture Officer, Agriculture Junior Engineer, Researcher, Forest Officer, Agriculture Graduate Trainee, Agriculture Field Officer, and more positions are attainable after obtaining a BSc Agriculture degree. Apart from this, you can opt for self-employment options. Candidates who are interested in learning more about agriculture can enrol in a master's degree programme such as MSc Agriculture.  

Q2 - Is BSc Agriculture easy or hard?

When compared to other Biology courses such as MBBS, Veterinary Medicine, and so on, BSc Agriculture might be considered a simple course. This course is easy because it focuses on real applications rather than theory.  

Q3 - Is BSc Agriculture a good career?

Ye, BSc Agriculture has good career scope. After completing a BSc Agriculture program, you will have little difficulty finding a job. It creates numerous job opportunities in both the public and private sectors.  

Q4 - How many years is BSc Agriculture?

BSC Agriculture course usually takes four years to complete.  

Key Takeaway!

The agricultural sector is one of the most diverse and complex. This industry has been around for centuries and has undergone many changes throughout its history. It is a multi-faceted business that uses varied and complex means to meet the increasing demands for food. The agriculture sector is a key source of revenue and employment. There is an ever-growing demand for food and products, and the industry needs to find new ways to meet the rising needs. The agriculture industry needs people with a broad range of abilities and experiences who can work as agricultural technicians, managers, scientists and more.  

In addition to the career opportunities, another benefit of the course is that it helps the students develop a broad range of skills that are often needed by the agriculture industry. With this background, it is no surprise that the agriculture sector is the main career option that graduates of the BSc Agriculture course can choose. To fulfil your professional dreams in the agriculture sector, here is a prestigious university offering in-demand agriculture programs.  

Mangalayatan University, a UGC-accredited institution, was founded in 2006 to nurture and polish the knowledge of all of its students to achieve success. For this reason, MU has engaged highly qualified teachers and provides the greatest campus facilities, as well as an active placement cell to help aspiring students advance in their careers. Agriculture Courses offered at Mangalayatan University are-  

  • Diploma in Agriculture
  • B.Scï (Agriculture)
  • B.Scï Agriculture (Agronomy/ Horticulture)

  Ready to enrol in one of the prestigious and most-trusted universities? Connect with our admission team today! Visit - https://bit.ly/3tzONLb

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