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Careers in Biotechnology: Scope, Job Opportunities and Salary

Biotechnology is a broad-based industry which includes the entire range of medical treatments including research and development, manufacturing, commercialization, and marketing. It also includes applications and treatments such as diagnostics, therapeutics, and vaccines. The biotechnology course market is on an upward growth trajectory. It is projected to grow at a CAGR of 12.1% to reach US$800 billion by 2025. Growth in this segment will largely be due to the increasing awareness about health, healthcare, and well-being. The segment is projected to be the fastest growing segment within the life sciences industry.

Biotechnology is applied science which aims at understanding, utilizing and modifying living things such as plants, animals, bacteria and microorganisms. Biotechnology as science is developing rapidly in the changing environment.

The Biotechnology graduates work as Biotechnological Engineers who are working in different areas and industries. The industries such as pharmaceutical, healthcare, food processing, agricultural industry, veterinary science, etc. have a great demand for Biotechnology professionals. In this blog, we are going to learn more about the biotechnology sector and major career opportunities.

What is Biotechnology Degree All about?

Biotechnology is a broad term that covers all natural sciences related to life sciences and engineering including the technology of living organisms. Biotechnology includes all methods used for improving, manipulating, or controlling living organisms. Biotechnology also includes medical technology related to genetics, including gene engineering, somatic cell cloning, and stem cell research, as well as the use of biotechnology in health and pharmaceutical development.

Biotechnology is the study of organisms, how they live, and how they can be used to achieve a goal. There are many branches of biotechnology including, medical research, agricultural research, environmental research, toxicology, molecular biology, and many more. Biotechnology degrees are designed to prepare you to be at the forefront of the rapidly changing world of biotechnology.

What is the Scope of Biotechnology in India & Overseas?

One discipline that is inextricably linked to human life in multiple ways is biotechnology. Biotechnology is being used to improve the quality and production of various things, from bread to pharmaceuticals, and crops to animals. Students with a passion for research and development have many opportunities in the biotechnology sector. Students who want to embark on a career in biotechnology have a plethora of choices.

The effect of biotechnology spans a wide range of industries, including agriculture, food processing, medicines, cosmetics, and animal husbandry. Additionally, as a result of COVID-19 in India, everyone is now likely to be more familiar with terms relating to hygiene, viruses, diseases, vaccines, medications, and other medical conditions.

The people of the globe are now aware of the value of biotechnology and the need for highly skilled workers in the biotechnology industry.

Here are a few listed sectors that use the application of Biotechnology:

Healthcare -The healthcare system heavily relies on biotechnology. The manufacture of numerous drugs and vaccines used to treat various ailments makes extensive use of biotechnology. Additionally, the utilisation of contemporary biotechnology may improve the efficacy of several disease-specific advanced therapeutic approaches.

Medicine - Genetic engineering in biotechnology has inspired expectations for pharmaceuticals, medicinal proteins, and diverse biological species in medicine. Multiple genetic illnesses are treated using the transformed cells. Many different biotechnology products can be used therapeutically. In addition, biotechnology offers cutting-edge medical tools and devices for both therapeutic and diagnostic uses.

Pharmaceutical - The pharmaceutical sector uses biotechnology, which has resulted to be effective, particularly in the production of genetic tests and vaccines. The pharmaceutical sector can create new processes, methods, products, and services, as well as upgrade existing ones, due to biotechnology.

Agriculture - Biotechnology has been a part of several industries over the years, including medical, agribusiness, gene therapy, etc. Biotechnology plays several different roles in agriculture. Increased crop yield, chemical tolerance, enhanced crop protection, pest resistance, and increased nutritional value are a few advantages.

Animal husbandry - The term animal husbandry pertains to the raising of cattle. Animal management and care are the processes through which the genetic traits and behaviours of animals are improved for financial gain. The realm of biotechnology in animal husbandry has recently shown great promise for increasing animal productivity through better nutrition, increased capacity for production, and better medical conditions.

Genetic engineering - A division of biotechnology is genetic engineering. Biotechnology's utilisation in areas of genetic engineering has raised expectations for the development of therapeutic proteins, medications, and even living things like seeds, insecticides, engineered yeasts, and altered human cells.

Bioinformatics - Bioinformatics is the study, management, and storage of biological data using computational methods. The development of bioinformatics sped up the research in biotechnology, particularly those requiring sequential pattern management and medication creation.

Environmental conservation - Biotechnology in ecological sustainability can play a significant role in pursuing a sustainable development path. Biotechnology is already offering a clean and renewable alternative to traditional fossil fuels, which contribute to global warming. The advantage of environmental biotechnology is that it allows us to avoid the use of hazardous pollutants and wastes that harm natural resources and the environment.

Soil biology - The application of biotechnology in soil biology is vast and varied. It can be used to study the microorganisms that live in the soil, improve plant growth, or clean up contaminated soil. Biotechnology can also be used to create new pesticides or herbicides or to develop genetically modified crops that are resistant to pests or diseases. In addition, biotechnology can be used to create biofuels or other environmentally friendly products. As the world becomes increasingly reliant on biotechnology, the scope of its application will only continue to grow.

Ecology - The application of biotechnology in the field of ecology is vast and ever-growing. Biotechnology can be used to clean up contaminated sites, produce biofuels, and develop new methods of waste management. Additionally, biotechnology is playing an increasingly important role in the field of conservation. For example, DNA barcoding is being used to track endangered species, and gene editing is being used to develop disease-resistant crops. As the world confronts the challenges of climate change and dwindling resources, the scope of biotechnology will only continue to expand. With its vast potential, biotechnology holds the key to a more sustainable future.

Textile industry - Traditional textile manufacturing is being transformed into ecologically friendly processing using biotechnology. Traditional colouring, printing, and finishing methods consume a lot of water and may produce toxic waste as a residue. Biotechnology, which includes several enzymatic treatments, is used to mitigate this.

Cosmetics - Biotechnology has had a significant impact on cosmetics. Biotechnology is used by cosmetics businesses to find and manufacture cosmetic components, as well as to study the impact of natural and synthetic substances on skin and skin changes related to ageing. "Cosmeceuticals" are the substances they develop and employ in cosmetics.

Therefore, a career in any field of biotechnology can be pursued with a solid foundation from a well-recognized biotechnology undergraduate degree. However, the possibilities will be constrained if you plan to explore job choices after receiving your BSc. A master's degree in the area would be the best course of action. A biotechnology MBA is another option. Careers in clinical research, quality assurance, data administration, and healthcare are all possible with an MSc in Biotechnology. However, if you're interested, you can also apply for a PhD.

Read more: Career Scope Of BSc Biotechnology

Career Prospects and Job Opportunities in Biotechnology Industry

Individuals with the necessary skills and qualifications can find rewarding careers in the biotechnology industry. Job seekers can find employment in a variety of settings, including research laboratories, manufacturing facilities, and academic institutions. Biotechnology jobs are typically divided into four main categories: research and development, production, quality control, and regulation. Job seekers should be aware that competition for biotechnology jobs is fierce and that many positions require advanced degrees and/or extensive experience. With the right qualifications and training, however, individuals can find exciting and rewarding career opportunities in the biotechnology industry.

Some of the trending job roles and responsibilities you can opt for after completing a degree in Biotechnology are:

Medical Scientist - The ultimate goal of medical scientists is to develop new treatment options, medications, and vaccinations to improve human health. They conduct a study on specimens such as viruses and microorganisms and interpret the results. They examine participants and evaluate their medical histories to determine whether they are eligible for a testing group.

Biological Technicians -A biological technician's major responsibility is to assist and support conservation and environmental scientists as they conduct research and experiments on organism life cycles. In laboratories, aid biological and medical scientists. They install, administer, and maintain laboratory apparatus and equipment, as well as monitor experiments.

Medical and Clinical Lab Technologists & Technicians - Medical laboratory technologists perform a wide range of laboratory tests and procedures to help doctors diagnose, monitor, treat, and prevent disease.

Biochemists and Biophysicists - Biochemists and biophysicists are critical in the development of novel drugs to combat diseases such as cancer. Biochemists and biophysicists are scientists who investigate the chemical and mechanical elements of living things as well as biological processes such as cellular proliferation, evolution, heredity, and disease.

Biomedical Engineers - Biomedical Engineers develop equipment and gadgets like as artificial internal organs, body part replacements, and diagnostic tools. They also install, maintain, and offer technical assistance for biomedical equipment.

Microbiologists - Microbiologists are biological scientists who study microorganisms to learn how they affect our lives and how we can use them to our benefit. They perform research, prepare reports and supervise lab operations.

Epidemiologists - The duties of an epidemiologist include gathering data and conducting trials to learn how to prevent future outbreaks. They conduct laboratory tests to assess data and interact with individuals to gather disease-related information via fieldwork, observation, questionnaires and surveys.

R&D and Process Development Scientists - Process Development Scientists investigate and create new methods of manufacturing items, as well as monitor the quality and efficiency of existing processes and products. They concentrate on scientific research and experimentation to develop new products and technology.

Biomanufacturing Specialists - The Specialist will support and undertake biomanufacturing tasks both individually and as part of a team. Current support operations include environmental assessment of Integrated Biomanufacturing facilities, supply management, equipment maintenance, and assistance with quality control procedures.

Bioproduction operators play an important role in ensuring the quality and safety of biopharmaceutical products. They are responsible for performing a variety of tasks, including manufacturing, quality control, and maintenance. Bioproduction operators must have a thorough understanding of the process and equipment involved in production.

Top Companies Hiring Biotechnology Graduates

The biotechnology industry is booming, and there are plenty of great companies out there looking for talented graduates to join their ranks. They're constantly striving to innovate and offer their employees plenty of opportunities to grow and develop their skills. These companies offer a wide range of positions for recent graduates, from entry-level roles to more senior positions.

If you're thinking of pursuing a career in biotechnology, here are some of the top companies you should keep an eye on.

  • Biocon
  • Panacea Biotec Limited
  • Wockhardt
  • GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals Limited
  • Novozymes
  • Bharat Serums and Vaccines Limited
  • Serum Institute of India etc.

Biotechnology - Salary Trends in India

Biotechnologists' salaries in India are mostly determined by their knowledge, abilities, and experience. A Biotechnologist's average pay in India is INR 4,88,842.


If you are looking for a career that is both challenging and has great growth potential, biotechnology may be the perfect choice for you. The job opportunities in this sector are vast and diverse, and with the right training, you can work your way up to a high-paying position.

Mangalayatan University Aligarh offers top-quality biotechnology programs that will give you the skills and knowledge you need to start your career in this fascinating field. With Mangalayatan University’s world-class faculty and state-of-the-art facilities, you will gain the skills and knowledge you need to make a real difference in the biotech industry.

Enrol today and get started on your journey to a successful future in biotechnology!

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